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Safety is a key component of the federal performance-based planning process. FHWA published the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) Final Rule and Safety Performance Management Measures Final Rule on March 15, 2016 (effective date of April 14, 2016) to help significantly reduce fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads.

The safety performance measures in the table below were established as part of the Safety Performance Management Measures Final Rule. State DOTs and MPOs are required to establish safety performance targets annually for each measure. State DOTs must adopt targets by August each year and MPOs have 180 days from the date the State DOT’s targets are set to establish their targets (MPO targets must be set no later than the following February). MPOs can either support the State DOT’s targets or develop their own targets.

NCDOT adopted its 2024 (current) safety targets in August 2023. CRTPO supported the NCDOT targets in January 2024. NCDOT’s calendar year (CY) 2024 safety targets are shown in the table below:

Performance MeasuresNCDOT
(CY) 2024 Targets
Adoption Date
Adoption Date
Number of fatalities1,151.7August 2023January 2024
Fatality rate (per 100 million VMT)0.967August 2023 January 2024
Number of serious injuries3,312.1August 2023 January 2024
Serious injury rate (per 100 million VMT)2.767August 2023 January 2024
Number of non-motorized fatalities and non-motorized serious injuries451.1August 2023 January 2024
2024 Safety Targets Table

Previous year targets can be viewed here.

As part of the Safety Performance Management Measures Final Rule, State DOTs are required to update their Strategic Highway Safety Plan (SHSP) every five years. An SHSP is a statewide-coordinated safety plan that identifies a State’s key safety needs and guides investment decisions toward strategies and countermeasures with the most potential to save lives and prevent injuries.

NCDOT’s current SHSP was developed in 2019. CRTPO coordinates with NCDOT on the development of this plan.

State DOTs report safety targets annually in their State Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) Reports. NCDOT’s HSIP Report can be found here. CRTPO coordinates with NCDOT on the development of this plan. CRTPO reports its safety targets to NCDOT annually via resolution.

FHWA assesses if State DOTs have made significant progress towards achieving their safety targets on an annual basis. The assessment begins in December and findings are reported to the DOT by March. Significant progress is made if the DOT has met four of its five targets or the actual outcome for the target is better than baseline performance.

If the State DOT does not meet or make significant progress toward meeting its targets, it must use obligation authority equal to the HSIP apportionment for the fiscal year (FY) prior to the target year (only for HSIP projects) and submit an HSIP Implementation Plan to FHWA. MPOs do not currently face repercussions if significant progress is not made toward meeting their targets.

In early 2020, FHWA completed an assessment of target achievement for NCDOT’s CY 2018 safety targets. Based on FHWA’s review, NCDOT has not met or made significant progress toward achieving its safety performance targets.